Distributor:  Bullfrog Films
Length:  26 minutes
Date:  2011
Genre:  Expository
Language:  English
Grade level: 7-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Color
Closed captioning available
You must register and login to preview and purchase items.
You might also be interested in...

Early Life 2 - In The Mayor's Footsteps - Peru

New to Docuseek2? Please register and login to preview and/or license this film. If your institution has already licensed this film, you will need to access this page from your institution's network to watch the film. For help on using Docuseek2, please visit our help wiki.

Mayor Amilcar Huancahuari is trying to convert his native Peru to his optimistic philosophy of promoting early childhood development.

Early Life 2 - In The Mayor's Footsteps - Peru

Warned that the child he's talked to will grow up poor and violent, Mayor Amilcar Huancahuari sighs. If only we could start young, he believes, we'd have a better chance of a peaceful and prosperous world. We need to keep young children away from violence, and develop their brains from birth.

But is that just the Mayor's dream? In this episode of Early Life, the Mayor tours his native Peru to discover how kids are being shortchanged: from the jungle city of Iquitos to the Andes mountains once wracked by political violence. Amilcar visits children who live in a floating favela - where he needs a police bodyguard - finds kids working city streets at midnight, and meets victims of a war over before they were born.

How much poverty, stress and violence can kids be exposed to without incurring real mental damage?

'This video presents a vivid snapshot of the unmistakable difficulties for children growing up in a society shattered by decades of turbulence. Viewers will recognize that for some children around the world, the challenges are universal. This film is a sensitive treatment of the value of a solid start in life and the importance of the early years. Mayor Huancahuari's hopeful outlook is commendable. With the lessons he has learned from his visits, the Mayor can make positive changes that will re-shape the political future of his province.' Mary Jane Eisenhauer, Assistant Professor, Early Childhood Education, Purdue University North Central

'These powerful films focus on the all too often ignored fact that growing up in poverty, with the high levels of domestic and community violence that often accompany it, can profoundly impact early development. Inspirational Mayor Amilcar Huancahuari of Peru takes us on a heartfelt journey looking at how violence affects young children in his country. Then, he explores groundbreaking programs designed to counteract the harm caused by the violence in the lives of poor children in Brazil that he hopes to bring back to Peru. Anyone who sees these deeply moving films will be more highly motivated and better equipped to promote political, economic and social justice for children, in their own communities and around the world.' Dr. Diane E. Levin, Professor of Education, Wheelock College, Author, Teaching Young Children in Violent Times

'Promoting Mayor Huancahuari's plans for a future where children have the opportunity to fulfill their highest potential, both DVDs are uplifting and very highly recommended, especially for public and school library DVD collections.' The Midwest Book Review

'Mayor Amilcar Huancahurai is a refreshingly unique figure, a politician who puts children first. Director Steve Bradshaw has created an upbeat film documenting the Mayor's quest to end the cycle of violence, and to create safe, loving, and nurturing environments for children. The DVD would support courses in family studies, policy studies, social work, and education. The documentary should be viewed by those with an interest in the provision of social services to children and families, and it is particularly recommended viewing for those who are concerned about the intersection of child development and public policy.' Wendy Highby, University of Northern Colorado, Educational Media Reviews Online

00:00:01:00     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Millions of children

 

00:00:02:14     --:--:--:--

live on the edge--

of life, of society,

 

00:00:04:28     --:--:--:--

of having their interests

taken seriously.

 

00:00:07:25     --:--:--:--

We've been following one man

who wants to change all that,

 

00:00:11:04     --:--:--:--

who's tried to put children

at the heart

 

00:00:13:20     00:00:15:29

of how we build our future.

 

00:00:47:20     --:--:--:--

In the Andes Mountains

of Peru,

 

00:00:50:23     --:--:--:--

Amilcar Huancahuari,

when we first met him,

 

00:00:53:08     00:00:58:05

was Mayor of Jesús Nazareno,

a poor suburb of Ayacucho.

 

00:01:00:17     --:--:--:--

Easter, his district's

flower map was one among many.

 

00:01:05:28     --:--:--:--

Now he's been elected to run

the whole province of Huamanga.

 

00:01:10:17     --:--:--:--

[lively music playing]

 

00:01:16:12     --:--:--:--

And beyond the celebrations:

huge challenges,

 

00:01:19:27     --:--:--:--

for in Huamanga,

children grow up

 

00:01:22:02     00:01:24:24

in the shadow

of terrible violence.

 

00:01:27:02     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:01:29:22     --:--:--:--

- We live with the consequences

of violence:

 

00:01:32:08     --:--:--:--

insecure children,

 

00:01:33:23     --:--:--:--

children with anxiety disorders,

depression,

 

00:01:36:04     00:01:37:22

and violent behavior.

 

00:01:40:13     --:--:--:--

As they develop, we want to cut

this recurring cycle.

 

00:01:45:11     --:--:--:--

[drums beating]

 

00:01:47:09     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: Across the world,

Amilcar believes

 

00:01:49:09     --:--:--:--

the shadow of violence--

 

00:01:50:29     --:--:--:--

domestic, political,

and plain criminal--

 

00:01:53:09     --:--:--:--

hangs over too many children.

 

00:01:55:21     --:--:--:--

But what can be done?

 

00:01:57:03     --:--:--:--

To find some answers,

we asked the Mayor

 

00:01:58:28     --:--:--:--

to take to the road in Brazil

 

00:02:01:22     00:02:04:13

and first in his own country,

Peru.

 

00:02:11:03     --:--:--:--

"Dawn on the Amazon,"

 

00:02:13:03     00:02:16:02

the phrase that launched

a thousand wildlife films.

 

00:02:23:19     --:--:--:--

Over 3,000 kilometers to run,

 

00:02:25:28     --:--:--:--

the Amazon in Iquitos

floods every year.

 

00:02:29:17     --:--:--:--

In the poor suburb of Belén,

 

00:02:31:24     00:02:36:05

the adults are ready,

and so are the kids.

 

00:02:38:01     --:--:--:--

In the summer,

 

00:02:39:05     00:02:42:05

this watery playground

will be dry land.

 

00:02:45:23     --:--:--:--

Boats and planes:

the only way into Iquitos.

 

00:02:48:28     --:--:--:--

No roads in, few cars.

 

00:02:51:21     --:--:--:--

Once, rubber made Iquitos rich,

now oil.

 

00:02:56:27     --:--:--:--

This isolated, jungle-bound

Peruvian city

 

00:03:00:18     --:--:--:--

is like a laboratory

for the future.

 

00:03:04:07     --:--:--:--

And the future, that's kids.

 

00:03:06:21     00:03:09:09

[children laughing and talking]

 

00:03:15:19     --:--:--:--

But teachers of this

kindergarten-week rally

 

00:03:18:21     --:--:--:--

fear the interests of children

are too often neglected.

 

00:03:23:21     --:--:--:--

- There are

so many parents

 

00:03:25:05     --:--:--:--

that don't want to enroll

their kids in the school.

 

00:03:27:12     --:--:--:--

They say that kindergarten

is a waste of time,

 

00:03:29:17     --:--:--:--

and that is not true.

 

00:03:30:27     --:--:--:--

With this rally,

we want

 

00:03:32:11     --:--:--:--

to let the families

and the community know

 

00:03:34:02     --:--:--:--

that the kindergarten

is very important,

 

00:03:35:29     00:03:39:24

because kids learn from the time

they are in their mother's womb.

 

00:03:45:20     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Mayor Amilcar has flown in

 

00:03:47:19     --:--:--:--

from Ayacucho in the Andes,

 

00:03:50:05     00:03:53:05

his first trip to Iquitos

and the Amazon.

 

00:03:56:18     --:--:--:--

He's long believed

the first few years of life

 

00:03:59:10     --:--:--:--

are key to human development,

 

00:04:02:01     --:--:--:--

so there's a question

on his mind.

 

00:04:07:05     --:--:--:--

- How are the children living?

 

00:04:09:07     --:--:--:--

What hopes do the children have,

 

00:04:11:06     --:--:--:--

what opportunities

for developing their potential?

 

00:04:16:00     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:04:17:24     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

They're ready for the Mayor

 

00:04:19:17     --:--:--:--

at the Children of Peace

kindergarten.

 

00:04:22:10     00:04:25:10

[all speaking Spanish]

 

00:04:27:11     --:--:--:--

Judging

by the friendly reception,

 

00:04:29:01     --:--:--:--

the name is justified.

 

00:04:30:14     00:04:33:14

[all speaking Spanish]

 

00:04:35:03     --:--:--:--

But Amilcar learns

appearances can be deceptive,

 

00:04:39:23     --:--:--:--

domestic problems not left

at the school gates.

 

00:04:44:20     --:--:--:--

- You can often see

when kids are malnourished

 

00:04:47:11     --:--:--:--

when they come to school

to sleep.

 

00:04:49:12     --:--:--:--

They are sleepy all day and have

a pale color in their faces.

 

00:04:53:13     --:--:--:--

They are going through

a difficult economic situation

 

00:04:55:26     --:--:--:--

and not eating well.

 

00:04:58:07     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

These kids are bouncy enough

 

00:05:00:14     --:--:--:--

thanks to free kindergarten milk

and meals.

 

00:05:03:23     --:--:--:--

But there's also the first hint

of a more intractable problem

 

00:05:07:16     --:--:--:--

that will shadow

the Mayor's journey: violence.

 

00:05:12:02     --:--:--:--

- Yes, kids are aggressive.

 

00:05:14:11     --:--:--:--

Now they hit you.

Now they poke you.

 

00:05:16:28     --:--:--:--

So you have to be alert

all the time.

 

00:05:19:08     --:--:--:--

They want to hit the other

students with their pencil.

 

00:05:22:08     --:--:--:--

Why? Because they see

all this at home.

 

00:05:25:20     00:05:29:13

They see this mistreatment

of people among their families.

 

00:05:32:25     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Amilcar is advised

 

00:05:34:06     --:--:--:--

to take off-duty

police bodyguards,

 

00:05:37:00     --:--:--:--

useful guides

for a neighborhood

 

00:05:39:06     --:--:--:--

whose tranquil appearance

can be deceptive.

 

00:05:42:09     --:--:--:--

Children, the Mayor learns,

are growing up

 

00:05:44:06     --:--:--:--

amidst more than one kind

of violence.

 

00:05:48:16     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:05:49:29     --:--:--:--

- Around here,

 

00:05:51:07     --:--:--:--

we have multiple problems

of domestic violence,

 

00:05:53:28     --:--:--:--

reported two or three times

a day.

 

00:05:57:07     --:--:--:--

- But not all of them

are reported.

 

00:05:59:26     --:--:--:--

- Obviously, not all of them

are reported

 

00:06:01:26     --:--:--:--

because of the fear

of reprisals.

 

00:06:04:05     --:--:--:--

At the bottom of this

is the violence

 

00:06:06:10     --:--:--:--

that kids are living with

in their households,

 

00:06:09:18     00:06:13:28

parents' irresponsibility

and psychological mistreatment.

 

00:06:16:02     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Domestic violence is serious,

 

00:06:18:18     --:--:--:--

but it's not always

the parents

 

00:06:20:08     --:--:--:--

who cause the biggest problem

for the police.

 

00:06:24:05     --:--:--:--

- The problem in Belén

is youth gangs.

 

00:06:27:29     --:--:--:--

- There are youth gangs?

 

00:06:29:18     --:--:--:--

- Yes, kids consuming

drugs and alcohol

 

00:06:32:24     00:06:34:26

from a very early age.

 

00:06:38:11     --:--:--:--

[all speaking Spanish]

 

00:06:41:00     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Consuming the right food,

 

00:06:42:15     --:--:--:--

the Mayor finds some

inventive answers in Iquitos.

 

00:06:46:18     00:06:49:18

[all speaking Spanish]

 

00:06:52:18     --:--:--:--

The NGO Restinga,

or Sanctuary, is teaching kids

 

00:06:55:22     --:--:--:--

to grow a nutritious diet

of tomatoes.

 

00:06:58:15     --:--:--:--

- Show me what you are doing.

 

00:07:01:04     --:--:--:--

You can plant the seeds

in this?

 

00:07:03:02     --:--:--:--

- Yes, in these.

 

00:07:04:10     --:--:--:--

We make a hole here,

and we put the seed here,

 

00:07:06:20     00:07:08:15

and then we leave it there.

 

00:07:11:04     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

The Mayor wants to know

 

00:07:12:15     --:--:--:--

how they measure

their results.

 

00:07:14:04     --:--:--:--

- This means

learning to use food properly,

 

00:07:16:28     --:--:--:--

a correct balance

 

00:07:18:00     00:07:19:23

of nutritious meals

for the kids.

 

00:07:25:15     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Andrés is one of the older kids

 

00:07:27:20     --:--:--:--

Restinga is helping.

 

00:07:30:14     --:--:--:--

At 13, he's thriving

at school.

 

00:07:35:02     --:--:--:--

- I am studying English.

 

00:07:37:13     --:--:--:--

When I have homework,

I use this.

 

00:07:40:23     --:--:--:--

- Hello.

 

00:07:42:24     00:07:46:17

My name is Andrés.

 

00:07:50:00     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Two years ago,

 

00:07:51:09     --:--:--:--

Andrés might have been

ferrying the Mayor himself.

 

00:07:54:00     --:--:--:--

He was a child boat driver,

a dollar for five hours.

 

00:07:58:18     --:--:--:--

Andrés wants to make sure

 

00:08:00:12     --:--:--:--

Amilcar has a memory

of child labor to take home,

 

00:08:04:20     --:--:--:--

so he's asked the Mayor

to the Iquitos city museum:

 

00:08:08:28     --:--:--:--

instead of adults

working for children,

 

00:08:11:20     --:--:--:--

children working for adults.

 

00:08:14:22     --:--:--:--

- This is the child

Jesús de la Caja.

 

00:08:17:14     --:--:--:--

- And what is this, Andrés?

 

00:08:20:24     --:--:--:--

- He's a child that represents

all the world that works.

 

00:08:25:04     --:--:--:--

He is a child from Belén.

 

00:08:28:03     --:--:--:--

He is not wearing shoes.

 

00:08:29:29     --:--:--:--

His clothes are old and dirty,

because he's working.

 

00:08:33:16     00:08:38:01

His shirt is dirty,

and his heart has been broken.

 

00:08:39:29     --:--:--:--

- And that heart

has a special meaning?

 

00:08:42:05     --:--:--:--

- Yes.

 

00:08:43:06     --:--:--:--

- What does it mean?

 

00:08:44:13     --:--:--:--

- A broken heart

because he's been mistreated.

 

00:08:47:24     --:--:--:--

He used to clean shoes,

and he was badly paid.

 

00:08:51:18     00:08:55:07

They mistreated him,

and they abandoned him.

 

00:09:00:20     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

"Restinga" means "sanctuary,"

 

00:09:03:03     00:09:07:10

and the children's sanctuary

Restinga runs is close by.

 

00:09:12:12     --:--:--:--

Inside, a reminder

 

00:09:13:25     00:09:17:29

it's not just young boys

who are exploited in Iquitos.

 

00:09:20:06     --:--:--:--

- This represents a working girl

who sells fish on the streets.

 

00:09:25:15     --:--:--:--

She is a girl from Belén,

 

00:09:27:11     --:--:--:--

and she doesn't have time

to go to school.

 

00:09:30:27     --:--:--:--

Her parents told her,

"You have to sell everything.

 

00:09:34:15     00:09:37:02

If not, you can't come back."

 

00:09:39:29     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Restinga's director, Puchín,

 

00:09:42:15     --:--:--:--

has helped kids like Andrés

with theater and arts projects.

 

00:09:46:15     --:--:--:--

But there's still much to do,

 

00:09:48:08     --:--:--:--

over 3 million child laborers

in Peru.

 

00:09:52:14     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:09:54:07     --:--:--:--

- If you go

on the streets

 

00:09:55:21     --:--:--:--

where they work

on the streets,

 

00:09:57:07     --:--:--:--

you can find children working

all around the center of town--

 

00:09:59:22     --:--:--:--

children from seven,

eight years old.

 

00:10:02:07     --:--:--:--

We work with children

and their families.

 

00:10:03:29     --:--:--:--

We work on the issue of violence

with kids,

 

00:10:06:17     --:--:--:--

because the kids in Belén

are very violent,

 

00:10:08:20     --:--:--:--

very, very violent.

 

00:10:10:01     --:--:--:--

All their games

are very violent.

 

00:10:11:25     --:--:--:--

So what we try to do in our work

is change their focus,

 

00:10:14:19     --:--:--:--

change a violent gesture

 

00:10:15:28     --:--:--:--

for different,

affective gestures.

 

00:10:18:22     --:--:--:--

We work towards this

through games and art,

 

00:10:22:25     00:10:24:25

and we work with the families.

 

00:10:28:28     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

From Amilcar,

 

00:10:30:05     00:10:33:11

congratulations

and a gift from the Andes.

 

00:10:41:02     --:--:--:--

The Mayor's back

with bodyguard Freddie,

 

00:10:44:00     --:--:--:--

and Freddie has a treat

in store.

 

00:10:46:04     --:--:--:--

[applause]

 

00:10:48:11     --:--:--:--

So does the Mayor.

 

00:10:51:19     --:--:--:--

It's Freddie's daughter

Nicolle's birthday.

 

00:10:54:02     --:--:--:--

[rock music playing]

 

00:10:55:28     --:--:--:--

At seven,

she's eight years younger

 

00:10:57:27     --:--:--:--

than Amilcar's own daughter.

 

00:10:59:13     --:--:--:--

Nicolle's lucky.

 

00:11:01:17     --:--:--:--

She tells Amilcar

many of her friends

 

00:11:03:28     --:--:--:--

don't know their dads.

 

00:11:06:23     --:--:--:--

- Are all of them happy?

 

00:11:08:29     --:--:--:--

- No, some of them

are not happy,

 

00:11:12:00     --:--:--:--

like my little friends

Carmen and Julio.

 

00:11:15:10     --:--:--:--

They don't have a dad.

They just have a mom.

 

00:11:18:21     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

The party over,

 

00:11:20:21     --:--:--:--

Freddie and the Mayor take

to the Iquitos streets again.

 

00:11:23:27     --:--:--:--

They're looking for kids

of Nicolle's age

 

00:11:26:15     --:--:--:--

who are not partying

but working.

 

00:11:29:04     00:11:30:17

It doesn't take long.

 

00:11:33:12     --:--:--:--

- The city put in these portable

rubbish bins in the streets,

 

00:11:36:09     --:--:--:--

and the kids

look through the rubbish

 

00:11:38:04     --:--:--:--

to find stuff to recycle.

 

00:11:40:12     --:--:--:--

They gather it

during the whole early morning.

 

00:11:45:13     --:--:--:--

- It's midnight,

and they're still working?

 

00:11:48:23     --:--:--:--

- Yeah, it's midnight,

and they go out at this time

 

00:11:51:25     --:--:--:--

because if you get to know them,

some of them study.

 

00:11:55:19     --:--:--:--

So from that age, they know

about the problems at home.

 

00:11:59:08     --:--:--:--

They know there is no father

 

00:12:00:29     --:--:--:--

to sustain

the household economy,

 

00:12:03:15     00:12:06:13

so the children

support their mothers.

 

00:12:13:25     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: At a weekend workshop,

the kids are coming

 

00:12:15:29     --:--:--:--

to meet the important visitor

from the Andes.

 

00:12:20:26     --:--:--:--

They're rowed

by youth worker Daniel

 

00:12:23:17     00:12:25:24

or by themselves.

 

00:12:27:15     --:--:--:--

Most are thriving.

 

00:12:29:11     --:--:--:--

But a few probing questions,

and these children,

 

00:12:32:19     --:--:--:--

whose parents know

they're talking to us,

 

00:12:34:24     00:12:36:22

are pretty frank.

 

00:12:38:23     --:--:--:--

- Sometimes you see

these drunk people

 

00:12:40:29     --:--:--:--

crossing the bridge here.

 

00:12:42:13     00:12:44:17

They are robbers.

They rob you.

 

00:12:46:17     --:--:--:--

- They will say,

"Can you lend me something?"

 

00:12:51:03     00:12:54:17

Then when you're distracted,

they will rob you.

 

00:12:56:15     --:--:--:--

- What happens at home

when the fathers drink too much?

 

00:12:59:05     --:--:--:--

- He goes crazy.

 

00:13:00:26     --:--:--:--

He acts crazy, doesn't know

what he's going to do.

 

00:13:04:03     --:--:--:--

He wanted to smash

the mirrors.

 

00:13:05:24     --:--:--:--

They fight with the mothers.

 

00:13:07:15     --:--:--:--

The mothers run away.

 

00:13:10:29     00:13:15:27

I want the alcoholism

and the violence to disappear.

 

00:13:17:14     --:--:--:--

Yes,

 

00:13:20:19     --:--:--:--

the violence to disappear.

 

00:13:23:23     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Academics have called the effect

 

00:13:25:18     --:--:--:--

of a violent environment

on children "invisible wounds."

 

00:13:29:21     00:13:33:02

Amilcar is learning

how lasting they can be.

 

00:13:36:02     --:--:--:--

- What I've learned

in this community,

 

00:13:37:20     --:--:--:--

in the Belén district,

 

00:13:39:00     --:--:--:--

is that it is a very hostile

environment of violence

 

00:13:42:04     --:--:--:--

where children see

drunken adults, principally men,

 

00:13:45:08     --:--:--:--

fighting each other

using knives and machetes.

 

00:13:52:00     --:--:--:--

And then there is the aggression

within households.

 

00:13:55:21     --:--:--:--

That generates huge insecurity

and violent behavior

 

00:13:58:21     --:--:--:--

among the kids.

 

00:14:00:03     --:--:--:--

So the kids can replicate

these actions

 

00:14:02:11     --:--:--:--

while they are growing up.

 

00:14:05:17     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: Amilcar wants to meet

one of the workshop moms.

 

00:14:10:21     --:--:--:--

He's off to see Miriam.

 

00:14:13:04     --:--:--:--

Her daughter's fine,

off playing.

 

00:14:16:00     --:--:--:--

But Miriam does understand

family violence.

 

00:14:21:13     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:14:23:01     --:--:--:--

- I've seen cases.

 

00:14:24:19     --:--:--:--

My mom suffers

because my dad drinks.

 

00:14:26:29     --:--:--:--

I saw how he fights.

 

00:14:29:17     --:--:--:--

- And how often does he drink?

 

00:14:30:27     --:--:--:--

Every week?

How often?

 

00:14:32:05     --:--:--:--

- Oh, yes.

 

00:14:33:16     --:--:--:--

Every three days sometimes,

the whole week sometimes.

 

00:14:36:26     --:--:--:--

So that's when I saw

how he fought with my mom,

 

00:14:39:03     --:--:--:--

how he insulted her.

 

00:14:41:01     --:--:--:--

- Have you noticed any changes

in your children,

 

00:14:43:03     --:--:--:--

how they are behaving?

 

00:14:44:19     --:--:--:--

- Yes.

How can I tell you?

 

00:14:46:21     --:--:--:--

Sometimes fathers

use bad words.

 

00:14:48:27     --:--:--:--

Sometimes you talk to kids,

 

00:14:50:15     --:--:--:--

and they say,

"Go away, [...].

 

00:14:52:10     --:--:--:--

[...] off,"

 

00:14:53:18     --:--:--:--

because they've heard that

 

00:14:54:23     --:--:--:--

in the way

the fathers are speaking.

 

00:14:57:06     --:--:--:--

Even though they are

little kids,

 

00:14:59:01     00:15:01:26

the words that they are using

are very strong.

 

00:15:09:18     --:--:--:--

- I have seen

how children are living

 

00:15:11:05     --:--:--:--

in extreme conditions

of poverty,

 

00:15:13:04     --:--:--:--

families in extreme poverty.

 

00:15:15:03     --:--:--:--

And even though kids

are the most vulnerable people

 

00:15:17:19     --:--:--:--

in society and in a family,

they are the ones

 

00:15:20:17     --:--:--:--

that regrettably absorb

both the good and the bad things

 

00:15:23:26     00:15:25:13

in the families.

 

00:15:28:18     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

After Iquitos,

 

00:15:30:04     --:--:--:--

Amilcar's journey takes him

1,000 kilometers south

 

00:15:34:06     00:15:37:07

to Lima,

the capital of Peru.

 

00:15:44:17     --:--:--:--

In the recent election

for Mayor of Lima,

 

00:15:46:23     --:--:--:--

the leading candidates agreed

to prioritize

 

00:15:49:14     --:--:--:--

early child development.

 

00:15:52:05     --:--:--:--

The Mayor of Huamanga

wants to know

 

00:15:53:24     --:--:--:--

where his colleague's putting

any extra money she can find.

 

00:15:57:21     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:15:59:24     --:--:--:--

- Where we are putting

 

00:16:01:08     --:--:--:--

our main effort for children

in my term of office

 

00:16:04:05     --:--:--:--

is malnourishment,

birth registration,

 

00:16:06:20     00:16:08:26

and early child development

centers.

 

00:16:10:21     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

It's not just money.

 

00:16:12:28     --:--:--:--

The big message

from City Hall:

 

00:16:14:24     --:--:--:--

attitudes to children

have got to change.

 

00:16:18:17     --:--:--:--

- Physical violence

is a big problem

 

00:16:21:23     --:--:--:--

in the sense of, "I punish you

in order to discipline you,"

 

00:16:26:02     --:--:--:--

and this is very internalized.

 

00:16:28:15     --:--:--:--

"I have to be rough with you

 

00:16:30:07     --:--:--:--

in order for you to grow

in the right way."

 

00:16:33:16     --:--:--:--

That is part of the culture

 

00:16:35:16     --:--:--:--

and not necessarily seen

as something wrong.

 

00:16:38:21     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

1/3 of Peru's children

 

00:16:41:09     --:--:--:--

live in Lima

and its shantytowns.

 

00:16:44:07     --:--:--:--

Many families from the Mayor's

own province of Huamanga

 

00:16:48:00     --:--:--:--

live in the desertlike suburb

of Manchay.

 

00:16:51:16     00:16:54:09

Julia walks her daughter

to school.

 

00:16:56:06     --:--:--:--

Back in the market

where Julia works,

 

00:16:58:07     --:--:--:--

Amilcar learns there are dangers

in the big city for children

 

00:17:01:26     --:--:--:--

but advantages too.

 

00:17:03:23     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:17:05:28     --:--:--:--

- The risks

are here at every moment.

 

00:17:08:27     --:--:--:--

You can't trust your neighbors

to ask them,

 

00:17:11:21     --:--:--:--

"Please take my daughter

with yours to the school."

 

00:17:14:24     --:--:--:--

I cannot, because sometimes

I can't trust anyone.

 

00:17:19:03     --:--:--:--

- Are there any advantages

 

00:17:20:26     --:--:--:--

with the education you're giving

your little girl here?

 

00:17:23:26     --:--:--:--

- There are big advantages here

if you compare it

 

00:17:27:25     --:--:--:--

to where we come from

in the mountains.

 

00:17:32:02     --:--:--:--

Here, she has one teacher

especially for her,

 

00:17:36:09     --:--:--:--

for the three-year-olds.

 

00:17:39:19     --:--:--:--

In her school,

there are classes until 5:00,

 

00:17:42:27     00:17:46:18

and every year,

they have their own teacher.

 

00:17:58:18     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

In Lima's National Museum:

 

00:18:00:24     --:--:--:--

a grueling exhibition of events

in the Mayor's province

 

00:18:03:19     --:--:--:--

20 years ago.

 

00:18:06:04     --:--:--:--

The Sendero Luminoso Maoist

rebellion spread across Peru,

 

00:18:12:12     --:--:--:--

the carnage costing 69,000 lives

and traumatizing children.

 

00:18:19:27     --:--:--:--

This was the reason

so many families

 

00:18:21:27     00:18:24:26

from the Mayor's province

fled to Lima.

 

00:18:36:06     --:--:--:--

- This photograph shows us

the reality of those times--

 

00:18:39:11     --:--:--:--

the faces of frightened people,

sad people,

 

00:18:42:17     --:--:--:--

especially on the kids' faces,

 

00:18:44:12     --:--:--:--

their eyes full of shyness

and timidity.

 

00:18:49:01     --:--:--:--

An older girl realizes

 

00:18:51:06     --:--:--:--

that there is sadness

in this place and pain,

 

00:18:53:25     --:--:--:--

and you can see that

in her eyes--

 

00:18:55:29     --:--:--:--

very innocent,

not knowing what is happening,

 

00:18:59:13     --:--:--:--

children with no joy

in their eyes.

 

00:19:02:09     --:--:--:--

There is a state of pain,

an insecure state,

 

00:19:05:12     00:19:09:06

a frightened state, even

with the armed forces there.

 

00:19:19:13     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

What Amilcar wants to know:

 

00:19:21:07     --:--:--:--

are there invisible wounds

from political violence?

 

00:19:25:12     --:--:--:--

With a translator,

he's researching the work

 

00:19:27:24     00:19:31:17

of American psychologist

Professor Kaethe Weingarten.

 

00:19:35:18     --:--:--:--

- In what way does it affect

the children and youth,

 

00:19:38:11     --:--:--:--

and how does it impact on them

later on?

 

00:19:40:22     --:--:--:--

- That's something

that I've been researching

 

00:19:42:17     --:--:--:--

for the last 20 years.

 

00:19:43:29     --:--:--:--

And what I have found

is that political violence

 

00:19:47:24     --:--:--:--

can have an impact

over generations.

 

00:19:51:27     --:--:--:--

Even children who weren't born

can be affected

 

00:19:55:16     --:--:--:--

by political violence

that occurred in the past.

 

00:20:00:02     --:--:--:--

- He wants to know

the mechanisms

 

00:20:03:09     --:--:--:--

of how this violence

can be transmit

 

00:20:07:00     --:--:--:--

to the next generation.

 

00:20:09:05     --:--:--:--

- The biological one, I think,

is very easy to understand

 

00:20:13:07     --:--:--:--

in that a great deal

of violence,

 

00:20:16:04     --:--:--:--

their physiology changes,

and they produce

 

00:20:21:11     --:--:--:--

different levels

of the hormone cortisol.

 

00:20:24:22     --:--:--:--

When children are parented

by an adult

 

00:20:29:10     --:--:--:--

whose cortisol levels

are disregulated,

 

00:20:32:05     --:--:--:--

that disrupts the child's

hormonal regulation of cortisol,

 

00:20:40:05     --:--:--:--

and that gets passed on

to the children.

 

00:20:44:14     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: It's time for Amilcar

to take some lessons back home

 

00:20:48:15     --:--:--:--

to Huamanga province

and the city of Ayacucho.

 

00:20:52:29     --:--:--:--

[lively music playing]

 

00:20:56:18     --:--:--:--

[people singing]

 

00:20:59:28     --:--:--:--

There's a more than usually

musical homecoming.

 

00:21:03:13     --:--:--:--

The reason?

 

00:21:05:02     00:21:07:16

They're celebrating

his birthday.

 

00:21:16:04     00:21:18:29

Amilcar's wife

is a doctor too.

 

00:21:21:29     --:--:--:--

His proud mom,

once a weaver.

 

00:21:25:18     00:21:27:28

[man speaking Spanish]

 

00:21:30:06     --:--:--:--

Next day: an hour's drive

outside Ayacucho,

 

00:21:33:15     --:--:--:--

the province of Huanta.

 

00:21:36:20     00:21:39:29

Round here, bodies lay

among the prickly pear.

 

00:21:43:15     --:--:--:--

Amilcar's here to meet

Juan and Gloria's family.

 

00:21:46:28     --:--:--:--

He's accompanied

by a child psychiatrist.

 

00:21:50:06     --:--:--:--

Young Christian's been having

behavioral problems,

 

00:21:53:18     --:--:--:--

as his dad recognizes.

 

00:21:55:18     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:21:57:02     --:--:--:--

- He has always had problems,

and sometimes he gets violent.

 

00:21:59:20     --:--:--:--

He's looking for revenge.

 

00:22:01:03     --:--:--:--

He picks up stones

and throws them at the windows

 

00:22:03:09     --:--:--:--

and runs away.

 

00:22:05:00     --:--:--:--

- And he broke the windows

in the classroom?

 

00:22:06:22     --:--:--:--

- Yes, he's not behaving well.

 

00:22:08:25     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: Christian's parents

have their own memories

 

00:22:11:11     --:--:--:--

of political violence

 

00:22:13:01     --:--:--:--

from when the Sendero guerrillas

and the army

 

00:22:15:17     --:--:--:--

visited their village.

 

00:22:18:12     --:--:--:--

- I was scared.

 

00:22:19:22     --:--:--:--

- Why were you scared?

 

00:22:21:08     --:--:--:--

- Here, there, murders.

 

00:22:24:03     --:--:--:--

- And did you see those murders?

 

00:22:26:04     --:--:--:--

- Yes, I did see them.

 

00:22:28:06     --:--:--:--

- I ran away

from that problem.

 

00:22:30:10     --:--:--:--

I didn't want to get involved

in that.

 

00:22:32:08     --:--:--:--

The problem

was all around here.

 

00:22:34:01     --:--:--:--

And that's what made me

run away.

 

00:22:35:26     --:--:--:--

Down in the fields,

I saw dead bodies.

 

00:22:39:19     --:--:--:--

I went and saw the corpses.

 

00:22:41:09     --:--:--:--

- Dead bodies?

 

00:22:42:16     --:--:--:--

- Yes, in the river,

dead bodies in the river.

 

00:22:44:15     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

Child psychiatrist Sara

 

00:22:47:03     --:--:--:--

tells Amilcar

the violence of 20 years ago

 

00:22:50:08     --:--:--:--

has affected the father's

treatment of his son.

 

00:22:53:23     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:22:57:07     --:--:--:--

- I think

that Christian's family

 

00:22:58:23     --:--:--:--

is the type of family

 

00:23:00:05     --:--:--:--

that has been affected

by political violence,

 

00:23:02:28     --:--:--:--

because that child

practically doesn't recognize

 

00:23:06:00     --:--:--:--

a paternal or maternal role.

 

00:23:08:16     --:--:--:--

They think

that they are the parents,

 

00:23:10:25     --:--:--:--

but they don't have the bond

between mother and son.

 

00:23:14:10     --:--:--:--

They see their father just

as the person that feeds them.

 

00:23:17:28     --:--:--:--

So the violence that they

have been passing through

 

00:23:20:07     --:--:--:--

in the previous years

 

00:23:21:18     00:23:23:28

has consequences

in this family.

 

00:23:28:18     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw:

In once war-torn Huanta,

 

00:23:30:25     --:--:--:--

doctors say there is

a higher-than-usual level

 

00:23:33:05     --:--:--:--

of child depression

and family violence.

 

00:23:36:10     --:--:--:--

Of course, violent behavior

may have other causes.

 

00:23:40:10     --:--:--:--

But the government

has asked a top doctor

 

00:23:42:25     --:--:--:--

to help children in Huanta,

 

00:23:44:18     --:--:--:--

children it believes

are affected

 

00:23:46:12     --:--:--:--

by the insidious trickle-down

of political violence.

 

00:23:50:25     --:--:--:--

- [speaking Spanish]

 

00:23:52:12     --:--:--:--

- The findings

that we have

 

00:23:53:26     --:--:--:--

in the field of mental health

were disturbing--

 

00:23:57:14     --:--:--:--

for example,

kids from 10 to 11 years old

 

00:24:00:10     --:--:--:--

already having

suicidal tendencies

 

00:24:02:25     --:--:--:--

or already attempting suicide.

 

00:24:05:12     --:--:--:--

We found this very worrying,

 

00:24:07:20     --:--:--:--

so we presented a project

to the national authority

 

00:24:10:12     --:--:--:--

asking for a group

of specialists on mental health

 

00:24:12:21     --:--:--:--

to come here.

 

00:24:14:04     --:--:--:--

And that is what

we have been doing last year

 

00:24:16:07     00:24:19:26

and continuing

into this year too.

 

00:24:21:24     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: Mayor Amilcar

is back in Ayacucho,

 

00:24:25:04     --:--:--:--

in his office

in its great colonial square.

 

00:24:28:15     --:--:--:--

He's back

with more everyday concerns:

 

00:24:30:28     --:--:--:--

his family

and running a whole province.

 

00:24:34:08     --:--:--:--

But armed with new ideas

and insights,

 

00:24:36:20     00:24:40:29

he's more determined than ever

to pursue his dream.

 

00:24:43:14     --:--:--:--

- Yes, we can end this violence.

 

00:24:45:26     --:--:--:--

We must work with our children

from their early years,

 

00:24:49:16     --:--:--:--

even from the earliest age,

including pregnancy.

 

00:24:52:07     --:--:--:--

We can and we should intervene

 

00:24:55:15     --:--:--:--

to give children respect

for their rights;

 

00:24:58:06     --:--:--:--

opportunities

for their development;

 

00:25:01:00     --:--:--:--

a loving environment where,

beyond their poverty,

 

00:25:04:11     --:--:--:--

they can have

a proper and stable home

 

00:25:06:27     --:--:--:--

with loving parents

 

00:25:08:12     --:--:--:--

that can teach them to live

with each other in harmony,

 

00:25:11:25     --:--:--:--

in peace, in democracy,

different but equals,

 

00:25:17:19     --:--:--:--

a new society

of girls and boys,

 

00:25:21:00     00:25:25:17

builders of a new

and just society.

 

00:25:27:01     --:--:--:--

Bradshaw: In a school

at the edge of Ayacucho,

 

00:25:29:19     --:--:--:--

they're opening a new center

 

00:25:31:10     00:25:35:29

where parents learn

how to help children develop.

 

00:25:38:22     --:--:--:--

Amilcar isn't

the only politician

 

00:25:41:05     --:--:--:--

with a natural rapport

for kids.

 

00:25:44:03     --:--:--:--

He is one of the few

to see them as the key

 

00:25:46:27     00:25:49:26

to a new political future.

 

00:25:58:29     --:--:--:--

To find out more

about early child development

 

00:26:01:08     --:--:--:--

in Latin America and globally,

 

00:26:03:07     00:26:07:14

visit our website:

tve.org/lifeonline.

 

Citation

Main credits

Bradshaw, Steve (Director)
Bradshaw, Steve (Screenwriter)
Bradshaw, Steve (Narrator)
Cabellos, Ernesto (Producer)

Other credits

Music, Audio Network, Eduardo Barbaran Jaime, Manuel Barrón Garcia; translator, Rina Paredes-Olivares; camera, Ricardo Cabellos; editor, Sotira Kyriacou.


Distributor credits

Ernesto Cabellos

Ernesto Cabellos
Steve Bradshaw
Series Consultant: Jenny Richards
Production Managers: Davina Rodrigues, Nic Preston
Camera: Ricardo Cabellos
Editor: Sotira Kyriacou
A Television Trust for the Environment Production

Docuseek2 subjects

Peru
Government Policy
Social Policy
Ecopsychology
Poverty
Early Childhood Education

Distributor subjects

Anthropology
At-risk Youth
Child Development
Child Labor
Conflict Resolution
Developing World
Early Childhood Development
Economics
Education
Ethics
Geography
Global Issues
Globalization
Health
Human Rights
Latin American Studies
Philosophy
Poverty
Psychology
Social Psychology
Sociology

Keywords

Mayor Amilcar Huancahuari, Peru, early childhood development, children and violence, Iquitos, Andes, political violence, favela, poverty, working children, stress, mental damage, importance of kindergarten, youth gangs, domestic violence, Restinga, Lima, fathers and drinking; "In The Mayor's Footsteps - Peru"; Bullfrog Films

Welcome to Docuseek2!

Docuseek2 is a streaming platform of the best documentary and social issue films available for the higher education community.

Anyone may search for titles and find detailed information about the titles. To preview films or license them for streaming, you must register and login.

Currently, we support online registration for anyone affiliated with a higher education institution. Please inquire if you are with a K-12 district or school or with a public library.

Click the Close button to get started!