Distributor:  Bullfrog Films
Length:  26 minutes
Date:  2011
Genre:  Expository
Language:  English
Grade level: 10-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Color
Closed captioning available
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Life 8 - Reclaim the Condom

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Trained advice columnist Sheila launches a campaign in Mozambique to promote condoms as sexy contraceptives - not weapons in the fight against HIV and disease.

Life 8 - Reclaim the Condom

Twenty-two year old Sheila is a trained advice columnist. In her office at the North East Secondary school in Maputo, she listens to students' stories about love, sex, birth control and AIDS, and offers advice and free condoms. But out of 8,000 students, only 40 or 50 come to collect the condoms on offer. The problem, Sheila reckons, is the condom's image, which is medical, off-putting, and inextricably linked in people's minds with sickness and death. Sheila knows sex and romance sell - so why not use them to promote condoms, and change perceptions? She's launching a campaign to promote condoms as sexy contraceptives - not weapons in the fight against HIV and disease.

'Life continues to discover new and thought-provoking topics around the world...Manjate is a true hero in the campaign to make condoms not only available but ordinary, and she takes her message all the way to national AIDS officials. As the film reminds us (as if we need reminding!), her message in on the edge, but the debate may, finally, be moving her way. Suitable for mature high school and for college courses in cultural anthropology, medical anthropology, anthropology of sex/gender, and African studies, as well as general audiences.' Jack David Eller, Community College of Denver, Anthropology Review Database

'There is a continuous challenge of trying to strike a balance in the film[s]...[The films] can be used successfully in stimulating a discussion amongst the youth about the negative aspects of such a life as well as an exploration of alternatives.' Teboho Moja, Clinical Professor of Higher Education, New York University

00:00:08:20 00:00:09:20

Bradshaw: ABC—

 

00:00:09:21 00:00:11:05

Abstinence,

Be Faithful, Condoms—

 

00:00:11:06 00:00:14:12

is the widely accepted message

against HIV/AIDS.

 

00:00:14:13 00:00:17:00

President Bush

would like to stress A and B.

 

00:00:17:01 00:00:19:08

President Obama—

well, it's still early days.

 

00:00:19:09 00:00:22:18

But campaigners for condoms

hope this is their moment.

 

00:00:22:19 00:00:24:28

In Mozambique,

we found one young woman

 

00:00:24:29 00:00:27:23

on the edge of the debate.

 

00:00:27:24 00:00:30:23

[dramatic music]

 

00:00:30:24 00:00:38:24

♪ ♪

 

00:01:01:18 00:01:04:17

[lively dance music]

 

00:01:04:18 00:01:11:28

♪ ♪

 

00:01:13:08 00:01:15:17

Like all countries

in southern Africa,

 

00:01:15:18 00:01:19:08

Mozambique suffers

from HIV/AIDS.

 

00:01:19:09 00:01:21:03

Every year,

millions of dollars are spent

 

00:01:21:04 00:01:22:21

on prevention campaigns,

 

00:01:22:22 00:01:25:21

including promoting condoms.

 

00:01:25:22 00:01:28:00

But the battle is far from won,

 

00:01:28:01 00:01:30:25

and one person thinks

she knows why.

 

00:01:34:02 00:01:35:17

- [speaking native language]

 

00:01:35:18 00:01:38:26

- I don't know how many students

there are.

 

00:01:38:27 00:01:41:13

Maybe 8,000.

 

00:01:46:04 00:01:49:08

To pick up condoms?

 

00:01:49:09 00:01:55:12

I have the records here.

 

00:01:55:13 00:02:00:12

Maybe 100 per month.

 

00:02:00:13 00:02:02:05

Bradshaw: At the Northeast

Secondary School

 

00:02:02:06 00:02:04:01

in the capital Maputo,

 

00:02:04:02 00:02:08:06

22-year-old Sheila is a trained

sexual health counselor.

 

00:02:11:05 00:02:13:16

In her office,

young people come to her

 

00:02:13:17 00:02:17:16

with their intimate problems.

 

00:02:17:17 00:02:18:25

- [speaking native language]

 

00:02:18:26 00:02:20:28

- I'm having a problem

with my girlfriend.

 

00:02:20:29 00:02:23:03

We have been going steady

for three years now,

 

00:02:23:04 00:02:25:06

but lately her behavior

has changed,

 

00:02:25:07 00:02:28:21

and we quarrel a lot.

 

00:02:28:22 00:02:31:19

So I would like your advice.

 

00:02:31:20 00:02:33:02

We were afraid of pregnancy,

 

00:02:33:03 00:02:35:15

but AIDS was never on our minds.

 

00:02:35:16 00:02:36:28

- You trusted her before?

 

00:02:36:29 00:02:37:28

- I did.

 

00:02:37:29 00:02:39:09

- And you did not use a condom?

 

00:02:39:10 00:02:40:22

- Often we didn't use it.

 

00:02:40:23 00:02:42:26

- Because you trusted her?

 

00:02:42:27 00:02:45:12

- I risked it

because I trusted her,

 

00:02:45:13 00:02:47:17

but I mistrust her

at the same time.

 

00:02:47:18 00:02:50:16

- And when you are with

the other girls?

 

00:02:50:17 00:02:52:25

- I've got my girlfriend,

the one I plan to marry,

 

00:02:52:26 00:02:54:27

but I have also a friend.

 

00:02:54:28 00:02:58:06

With her, I never have sex

without a condom.

 

00:02:58:07 00:02:59:20

But with my girlfriend,

 

00:02:59:21 00:03:01:23

very often we have sex

without a condom.

 

00:03:01:24 00:03:03:01

- Because you trusted her?

 

00:03:03:02 00:03:04:15

- I trusted her.

 

00:03:04:16 00:03:06:10

- But now she's become like

your other friend.

 

00:03:06:11 00:03:08:02

- Exactly.

 

00:03:08:03 00:03:09:24

- You don't need to let her

understand

 

00:03:09:25 00:03:14:06

that you don't trust her

anymore.

 

00:03:14:07 00:03:16:20

The woman is more horny

in her fertile days,

 

00:03:16:21 00:03:21:16

and it's exactly then

that you guys stop having sex.

 

00:03:21:17 00:03:24:06

You introduce the condom

as contraception

 

00:03:24:07 00:03:27:00

to avoid these stops

that are not good for you,

 

00:03:27:01 00:03:28:28

nor for her.

 

00:03:28:29 00:03:30:26

To ejaculate outside,

 

00:03:30:27 00:03:34:15

because at that moment,

you lose your concentration.

 

00:03:34:16 00:03:36:00

- You're right.

 

00:03:36:01 00:03:38:25

- But a condom allows you

all this.

 

00:03:38:26 00:03:40:20

Bradshaw:

The message is clear.

 

00:03:40:21 00:03:43:21

Selling condoms as barriers

against HIV

 

00:03:43:22 00:03:46:19

can suggest couples

don't trust each other,

 

00:03:46:20 00:03:50:02

so Sheila's convinced

it's easier to sell condoms

 

00:03:50:03 00:03:51:20

as contraceptives.

 

00:03:51:21 00:03:53:02

Today in her office,

 

00:03:53:03 00:03:55:27

she's tearing down

the public health posters.

 

00:03:55:28 00:04:00:15

For Sheila, condoms are the main

weapon against HIV/AIDS,

 

00:04:00:16 00:04:03:01

but they must have

the right image.

 

00:04:03:02 00:04:04:27

The unbranded white condoms

 

00:04:04:28 00:04:07:28

are the ones distributed

in schools and clinics.

 

00:04:07:29 00:04:12:28

Must better, she says,

those more sexy branded ones.

 

00:04:15:06 00:04:17:17

Sheila lives at her grandma's.

 

00:04:17:18 00:04:19:02

A churchgoing Christian,

 

00:04:19:03 00:04:21:16

she wants to train as a lawyer.

 

00:04:21:17 00:04:28:05

She says what some in the big

health agencies think privately.

 

00:04:30:22 00:04:35:03

- The condom is too associated

with HIV,

 

00:04:35:04 00:04:39:04

and so it's become stigmatized

in the people's minds.

 

00:04:42:05 00:04:44:21

Bradshaw:

She's backed by market research,

 

00:04:44:22 00:04:47:01

which shows trust

in relationships

 

00:04:47:02 00:04:51:00

is the main reason

for not using condoms.

 

00:04:51:01 00:04:53:04

Sheila knows sex and romance

sell,

 

00:04:53:05 00:04:56:23

so why not use them

to promote condoms?

 

00:04:59:27 00:05:01:22

She's working on a radio program

 

00:05:01:23 00:05:04:24

to try her message

on a wider audience.

 

00:05:04:25 00:05:06:00

- [speaking native language]

 

00:05:06:01 00:05:07:24

- Grandma!

 

00:05:11:10 00:05:13:06

Bradshaw:

It's for 99 FM,

 

00:05:13:07 00:05:18:08

a popular national

radio station.

 

00:05:18:09 00:05:22:08

Today is the big sell.

 

00:05:24:20 00:05:25:29

- [speaking native language]

 

00:05:26:00 00:05:31:07

- I'm very nervous.

 

00:05:31:08 00:05:33:29

I'm in the hands of God.

 

00:05:39:09 00:05:42:04

Bradshaw: Sheila's off to see

the head of the station,

 

00:05:42:05 00:05:47:00

but will he buy

her maverick message?

 

00:05:52:14 00:05:54:08

- [speaking native language]

 

00:05:54:09 00:05:56:17

- Okay, I see more or less

what you want.

 

00:05:56:18 00:06:00:12

This radio station is not

engaged in condom promotion

 

00:06:00:13 00:06:03:19

or any of these campaigns

the National AIDS Council does,

 

00:06:03:20 00:06:05:16

because I think the approach

they have taken

 

00:06:05:17 00:06:07:24

has not been very effective.

 

00:06:07:25 00:06:10:18

- Our idea is to make

a pilot program.

 

00:06:10:19 00:06:13:01

- Yesterday, I attend

a nonreligious ceremony

 

00:06:13:02 00:06:14:07

in Chibuto.

 

00:06:14:08 00:06:16:05

They had a box with condoms

like this one.

 

00:06:16:06 00:06:17:19

I didn't want to take any.

 

00:06:17:20 00:06:18:28

- Exactly.

 

00:06:18:29 00:06:20:19

- But what are we going to say

in the program?

 

00:06:20:20 00:06:21:26

"Not your dad's condom"?

 

00:06:21:27 00:06:23:28

Or are we going to say,

"AIDS condom, yes"?

 

00:06:23:29 00:06:27:05

- No, our objective is to say

yes to the condom.

 

00:06:30:08 00:06:31:14

You have to come.

 

00:06:31:15 00:06:35:04

It was great,

but I was nervous.

 

00:06:38:02 00:06:43:23

Make sure you bring

some good ideas.

 

00:06:43:24 00:06:47:15

[sighs]

 

00:06:47:16 00:06:50:12

[lively dance music]

 

00:06:50:13 00:06:58:13

♪ ♪

 

00:07:00:23 00:07:03:08

Bradshaw: Not only have they

given her airtime,

 

00:07:03:09 00:07:08:02

99 FM has given Sheila

her own team.

 

00:07:08:03 00:07:13:19

Their slogan:

"For Your Up Moments."

 

00:07:13:20 00:07:20:03

♪ ♪

 

00:07:20:04 00:07:22:05

Public health campaigns

find it difficult

 

00:07:22:06 00:07:26:16

to link condoms with pleasure.

 

00:07:26:17 00:07:33:03

♪ ♪

 

00:07:33:04 00:07:35:26

But can you really

sell condoms better

 

00:07:35:27 00:07:39:18

branding them with sex

than with illness?

 

00:07:39:19 00:07:43:16

- [speaking native language]

 

00:07:44:27 00:07:48:11

- [speaking native language]

 

00:08:05:23 00:08:09:01

Bradshaw: Sheila was trained

by the UN Population Fund,

 

00:08:09:02 00:08:10:13

the UNFPA.

 

00:08:10:14 00:08:12:26

They've set up youth corners

like Sheila's

 

00:08:12:27 00:08:16:15

at secondary schools.

 

00:08:18:07 00:08:22:02

She's learned that addressing

concerns about love and sex

 

00:08:22:03 00:08:26:13

is what sells condoms.

 

00:08:26:14 00:08:28:22

The UNFPA is sympathetic

 

00:08:28:23 00:08:31:09

but doesn't officially endorse

her approach.

 

00:08:31:10 00:08:33:28

So in a diverse society

like Mozambique,

 

00:08:33:29 00:08:37:17

how openly can you talk

about sexuality?

 

00:08:44:05 00:08:46:23

- Dr. Patricia, do you think

we are winning the fight

 

00:08:46:24 00:08:50:14

against HIV/AIDS?

 

00:08:50:15 00:08:54:29

- In this country, HIV/AIDS

is a very serious problem,

 

00:08:55:00 00:08:58:00

but we are working together

with the government

 

00:08:58:01 00:09:02:23

so that all young people

have information,

 

00:09:02:24 00:09:04:15

that they have access—

 

00:09:04:16 00:09:08:21

access to the condom—

 

00:09:08:22 00:09:13:21

and that it is easy to use

for them,

 

00:09:13:22 00:09:15:22

that they feel comfortable

 

00:09:15:23 00:09:20:26

and that they are preventing

infections.

 

00:09:20:27 00:09:25:23

- The UNFPA programs

have a more open approach.

 

00:09:25:24 00:09:29:23

I would like to know if that

doesn't shock the communities.

 

00:09:32:23 00:09:36:12

- But it is very important

that the message that goes out

 

00:09:36:13 00:09:40:27

to the youth is in sync

with their reality.

 

00:09:40:28 00:09:46:09

Certainly there will be

conflicts sometimes.

 

00:09:46:10 00:09:49:20

Bradshaw: Sheila's concerned

that the white unbranded condoms

 

00:09:49:21 00:09:53:18

distributed in schools and

health clinics put people off.

 

00:09:53:19 00:09:55:15

To find out if that can change,

 

00:09:55:16 00:09:57:11

she's off to

the National AIDS Council.

 

00:09:57:12 00:10:00:24

They coordinate Mozambique's

prevention strategy.

 

00:10:00:25 00:10:03:28

- [speaking native language]

 

00:10:03:29 00:10:10:00

- This package, doesn't it give

the impression of a medicine?

 

00:10:10:01 00:10:17:10

If it is a medicine, people will

think it's for curing the sick.

 

00:10:17:11 00:10:20:04

Is there a chance to change this

 

00:10:20:05 00:10:22:05

into something that young people

would like to use

 

00:10:22:06 00:10:27:11

in their relationships?

 

00:10:27:12 00:10:30:15

- No.

- No?

 

00:10:30:16 00:10:32:12

- The order, for they come

in two years,

 

00:10:32:13 00:10:35:06

was put in last year.

 

00:10:35:07 00:10:37:06

- And they come like this?

 

00:10:37:07 00:10:38:22

- Exactly.

 

00:10:38:23 00:10:41:28

- But we can expect a change.

 

00:10:41:29 00:10:46:02

- Who am I to block

that possibility?

 

00:10:54:25 00:10:57:25

- Okay?

- Yeah.

 

00:10:57:26 00:10:59:28

It was okay.

 

00:10:59:29 00:11:02:18

Yeah.

 

00:11:02:19 00:11:04:19

I need to think about

everything,

 

00:11:04:20 00:11:06:23

but it was good.

 

00:11:06:24 00:11:09:24

It was very good.

 

00:11:15:16 00:11:19:26

So since he said that he's

putting the order,

 

00:11:19:27 00:11:23:04

my mission is to gather proof.

 

00:11:23:05 00:11:27:27

And with that proof,

I want them to cancel the order.

 

00:11:34:24 00:11:36:26

Bradshaw:

Sunday, and time for church.

 

00:11:36:27 00:11:38:24

Sheila's evangelical.

 

00:11:43:28 00:11:46:12

Here, abstinence and fidelity

 

00:11:46:13 00:11:50:07

are seen as weapons

against AIDS.

 

00:11:50:08 00:11:53:07

The Vatican would like to ban

condoms altogether,

 

00:11:53:08 00:11:57:08

but Sheila wants

an inclusive approach.

 

00:11:57:09 00:12:02:06

- [speaking native language]

 

00:12:19:02 00:12:24:15

[all shouting indistinctly]

 

00:12:27:22 00:12:30:27

- Those who go to church

believe,

 

00:12:30:28 00:12:34:00

but there are those

that don't go.

 

00:12:34:01 00:12:38:05

If one day this person accepts

to go to church,

 

00:12:38:06 00:12:40:25

that's fine.

 

00:12:40:26 00:12:46:19

If not, we have to give them

other options.

 

00:12:46:20 00:12:48:21

We are not simply going

to abandon them

 

00:12:48:22 00:12:52:08

because they did not want

to come to church.

 

00:12:57:00 00:12:59:07

Bradshaw:

Next day, the local market.

 

00:12:59:08 00:13:00:15

She's buying things

 

00:13:00:16 00:13:02:18

that will make people feel sexy

and at ease

 

00:13:02:19 00:13:05:01

during her interviews.

 

00:13:08:11 00:13:11:21

In the cities, people can buy

sexy branded condoms,

 

00:13:11:22 00:13:16:21

the kinds Sheila reckons

that people will use.

 

00:13:16:22 00:13:19:24

She's also collecting

the white condoms.

 

00:13:19:25 00:13:23:18

Is there any way

she can sell these to people?

 

00:13:23:19 00:13:26:04

Sheila's got an idea.

 

00:13:33:02 00:13:35:22

It's late night

at Sheila's house.

 

00:13:35:23 00:13:41:13

She's with a friend who

repackages goods for a living.

 

00:13:41:14 00:13:43:10

They're repackaging

the white condoms

 

00:13:43:11 00:13:48:06

together with branded condoms.

 

00:13:48:07 00:13:53:03

- [speaking native language]

 

00:13:53:04 00:13:57:21

- We want our condoms to have

the same message.

 

00:13:57:22 00:14:01:29

That's why we are packaging them

together,

 

00:14:02:00 00:14:05:06

to show they are all the same.

 

00:14:13:16 00:14:14:21

Bradshaw:

Early morning,

 

00:14:14:22 00:14:16:29

and time to take the show

on the road.

 

00:14:17:00 00:14:18:29

Today, to Chinhanguanine,

 

00:14:19:00 00:14:24:00

100 kilometers north

of Maputo.

 

00:14:24:01 00:14:26:29

For her program, Sheila wants

people to talk openly

 

00:14:27:00 00:14:29:04

about their sex lives.

 

00:14:29:05 00:14:30:22

She hopes their stories

will reveal

 

00:14:30:23 00:14:33:12

why they should use condoms.

 

00:14:33:13 00:14:35:16

But will people talk?

 

00:14:35:17 00:14:39:25

- [speaking native language]

 

00:14:39:26 00:14:42:10

Ah!

 

00:14:42:11 00:14:44:05

- She may choose.

 

00:14:44:06 00:14:46:07

It's to make her feel

more girlish.

 

00:14:46:08 00:14:49:12

Do you remember

the good old times?

 

00:14:49:13 00:14:51:26

How was it,

the first time?

 

00:14:51:27 00:14:53:15

The first child?

 

00:14:53:16 00:14:55:22

- It happened when I was

fooling around.

 

00:14:55:23 00:14:57:16

I cannot lie about that.

 

00:14:57:17 00:14:59:29

- Did you go out at night?

 

00:15:00:02 00:15:01:09

- Yes.

 

00:15:01:10 00:15:05:03

- And when you went,

what did you say at home?

 

00:15:05:04 00:15:06:29

- I didn't say anything.

 

00:15:07:00 00:15:08:26

I just sneaked out.

 

00:15:08:27 00:15:14:09

If I had told, Mom would never

have let me go.

 

00:15:14:10 00:15:17:09

- They never noticed?

 

00:15:17:10 00:15:18:28

- They only noticed

when I fell pregnant.

 

00:15:18:29 00:15:23:17

That's when they discovered

everything.

 

00:15:23:18 00:15:26:18

In the morning,

she took me to his house to ask,

 

00:15:26:19 00:15:29:26

and the guy denied.

 

00:15:29:27 00:15:32:00

"And now how are you going

to be,

 

00:15:32:01 00:15:36:01

if you'd buy some pills

to abort it?"

 

00:15:36:02 00:15:37:28

I said, "No, I don't want that.

 

00:15:37:29 00:15:40:24

I want to stay with

this pregnancy."

 

00:15:40:25 00:15:43:00

Bradshaw: Sex and birth control,

says Sheila,

 

00:15:43:01 00:15:45:11

that's why condoms

were invented.

 

00:15:45:12 00:15:48:01

It's common ground

that brings partners together,

 

00:15:48:02 00:15:53:14

when talk of HIV

can drive them apart.

 

00:15:56:05 00:15:58:27

She's taking the message

to the local school

 

00:15:58:28 00:16:00:06

to see how it plays

 

00:16:00:07 00:16:03:16

together with the repackaged

condoms.

 

00:16:03:17 00:16:05:20

- [speaking native language]

 

00:16:05:21 00:16:12:11

- Our mothers fell pregnant

at the age of 14, 15, 16, 17.

 

00:16:12:12 00:16:13:29

They lived their sexuality

 

00:16:14:00 00:16:18:10

at the moment they felt

the time had come.

 

00:16:18:11 00:16:20:09

I want you to tell me,

 

00:16:20:10 00:16:24:29

what do you do to live

your sexuality,

 

00:16:25:00 00:16:30:29

without having the same problems

our mothers had?

 

00:16:31:00 00:16:33:24

Huh?

What did you say?

 

00:16:33:25 00:16:35:03

- I used a condom.

 

00:16:35:04 00:16:37:03

- You used a condom?

Thank you.

 

00:16:37:04 00:16:38:19

Ping-pong.

Another one.

 

00:16:38:20 00:16:40:00

What do you do?

 

00:16:40:01 00:16:46:26

[all speaking native language]

 

00:16:52:13 00:16:53:29

- Condom.

- Huh?

 

00:16:54:00 00:16:55:14

- Condom.

- Condom.

 

00:17:05:15 00:17:07:01

- Be faithful to my boyfriend.

 

00:17:07:02 00:17:08:23

- Be faithful to your boyfriend.

 

00:17:08:24 00:17:10:28

I have to be faithful

to my boyfriend,

 

00:17:10:29 00:17:13:13

but I also have to be faithful

to the condom,

 

00:17:13:14 00:17:15:21

because the day my boyfriend

drops me,

 

00:17:15:22 00:17:19:08

the condom will stay with me.

 

00:17:19:09 00:17:22:08

- [singing in native language]

 

00:17:22:09 00:17:30:09

♪ ♪

 

00:17:40:29 00:17:43:12

[upbeat dance music]

 

00:17:43:13 00:17:45:10

Bradshaw: Sheila's taking

her message to people

 

00:17:45:11 00:17:49:04

that may never have seen

sexily packed condoms before.

 

00:17:49:05 00:17:53:05

But will her approach shock?

 

00:17:53:06 00:18:01:08

♪ ♪

 

00:18:03:15 00:18:05:28

AIDS campaigners are now

finding out

 

00:18:05:29 00:18:10:01

that infections are increasingly

within married couples.

 

00:18:10:02 00:18:13:12

So can Sheila find a reason

for introducing condoms

 

00:18:13:13 00:18:16:07

in a married relationship?

 

00:18:27:16 00:18:33:03

Sheila and colleague Arthur are

going to try and persuade David

 

00:18:33:04 00:18:35:02

along with shining his shoes.

 

00:18:39:24 00:18:40:28

- [speaking native language]

 

00:18:40:29 00:18:41:28

- No, no.

 

00:18:41:29 00:18:43:29

I never used a condom,

 

00:18:44:00 00:18:45:21

and I will never use it.

 

00:18:45:22 00:18:49:21

With Moses, I say,

mate on mate,

 

00:18:49:22 00:18:53:13

an eye for an eye,

and a tooth for a tooth.

 

00:18:56:26 00:18:59:02

- A woman,

when she gets pregnant,

 

00:18:59:03 00:19:01:25

needs the time to recover

for the child to grow

 

00:19:01:26 00:19:06:07

before she can fall pregnant

again.

 

00:19:06:08 00:19:11:04

Can you hang on and abstain

from having sex with her?

 

00:19:11:05 00:19:13:16

- Yes.

 

00:19:13:17 00:19:18:17

I can abstain for six months,

two months, four months.

 

00:19:18:18 00:19:26:04

That means nothing for a man

who loves his wife.

 

00:19:26:05 00:19:28:08

- Two months for a baby?

 

00:19:28:09 00:19:29:20

Can you hang on for two years

 

00:19:29:21 00:19:32:11

before you have sex again

with your wife?

 

00:19:32:12 00:19:35:09

- No, of course not.

 

00:19:35:10 00:19:36:27

- What would you do?

 

00:19:36:28 00:19:41:15

- I will go without a condom.

 

00:19:41:16 00:19:43:28

- So because you've never used

a condom,

 

00:19:43:29 00:19:48:18

you can try this one

to start with.

 

00:19:48:19 00:19:50:18

This is a condom.

 

00:19:50:19 00:19:54:14

There is this one

and this one.

 

00:19:54:15 00:19:56:23

This is a mixture

of three different types—

 

00:19:56:24 00:20:01:04

this type, that type,

and the other type.

 

00:20:01:05 00:20:03:26

So you try,

and the one you like most,

 

00:20:03:27 00:20:07:08

you start using always.

 

00:20:07:09 00:20:10:12

Bradshaw:

Later, time for a call to David.

 

00:20:10:13 00:20:14:00

- Oh, so you've decided

to use them?

 

00:20:18:23 00:20:20:06

You loved it?

 

00:20:20:07 00:20:22:25

Bradshaw:

Perhaps another condom convert.

 

00:20:22:26 00:20:25:02

- So when your wife

falls pregnant,

 

00:20:25:03 00:20:27:05

you don't have to abstain;

 

00:20:27:06 00:20:30:21

just use a condom.

 

00:20:30:22 00:20:33:10

Bradshaw: The road show stops

for the night;

 

00:20:33:11 00:20:37:19

condoms on offer

to any passerby.

 

00:20:37:20 00:20:40:06

In fact, these are all

white condoms,

 

00:20:40:07 00:20:42:07

but Sheila has disguised some,

 

00:20:42:08 00:20:45:09

repackaging them

as branded condoms.

 

00:20:45:10 00:20:47:24

Will anybody complain?

 

00:20:47:25 00:20:50:29

- So we're going to offer you

condoms.

 

00:20:51:00 00:20:52:11

For free.

 

00:20:52:12 00:20:54:24

- For free?

- No, you pay for them.

 

00:20:54:25 00:20:57:02

- You're crazy.

Paying for condoms?

 

00:20:57:03 00:20:58:02

To who?

 

00:20:58:03 00:21:00:02

- We're joking.

Jeez.

 

00:21:06:09 00:21:08:04

- Instead of giving us money,

 

00:21:08:05 00:21:12:17

they came to give us condoms

with AIDS.

 

00:21:12:18 00:21:14:24

- I'm not afraid.

 

00:21:20:19 00:21:23:25

- Hey, look.

 

00:21:23:26 00:21:26:23

You fooled me.

 

00:21:26:24 00:21:29:20

You used them yourself,

and now you give me this one.

 

00:21:29:21 00:21:32:16

Look, this is my favorite brand.

 

00:21:32:17 00:21:34:06

- Look, my packing is different,

 

00:21:34:07 00:21:37:01

but the condoms in there

are all the white ones.

 

00:21:37:02 00:21:39:03

- The condoms that were here,

where are they?

 

00:21:39:04 00:21:40:24

- You don't like this?

 

00:21:40:25 00:21:44:02

- No.

We don't like them.

 

00:21:44:03 00:21:45:19

- Why?

 

00:21:45:20 00:21:49:14

- They smell rubber.

 

00:21:49:15 00:21:52:14

Even a child would not make

a football out of them.

 

00:21:52:15 00:21:53:18

- What would you like?

 

00:21:53:19 00:21:56:20

- I like the scented ones.

 

00:21:56:21 00:21:59:05

Bradshaw: Sheila reckons

linking condoms to HIV

 

00:21:59:06 00:22:02:10

is not just useless,

but confusing,

 

00:22:02:11 00:22:07:28

encouraging rumors that condoms

actually contain the HIV virus.

 

00:22:07:29 00:22:10:22

- Those who say we are bringing

AIDS, you lose out now.

 

00:22:10:23 00:22:12:08

Do these have AIDS?

 

00:22:12:09 00:22:14:23

- No, these have no AIDS.

 

00:22:14:24 00:22:16:20

- So you're going to use

all of this?

 

00:22:16:21 00:22:22:07

- Thank you very much.

Thank you very much.

 

00:22:22:08 00:22:25:19

- God bless you.

 

00:22:25:20 00:22:27:13

Bradshaw:

Sheila's found different reasons

 

00:22:27:14 00:22:30:00

for condom use

in each of her interviews,

 

00:22:30:01 00:22:33:15

even though no one

mentioned AIDS.

 

00:22:33:16 00:22:37:06

She takes her findings back

to the National AIDS Council.

 

00:22:37:07 00:22:39:03

But with the scale

of the pandemic,

 

00:22:39:04 00:22:44:02

can they risk abandoning

the public health message?

 

00:22:45:11 00:22:47:12

- Do you admit that before

 

00:22:47:13 00:22:49:13

we had the the problem

of pregnancy and abortion

 

00:22:49:14 00:22:51:16

that has always been there?

 

00:22:54:26 00:22:59:24

- Unwanted pregnancy

is a localized problem.

 

00:22:59:25 00:23:01:14

AIDS is a central problem.

 

00:23:01:15 00:23:03:17

- Of the government.

 

00:23:03:18 00:23:06:00

- A central problem of today

 

00:23:06:01 00:23:10:01

is that I have an infection rate

of 16%.

 

00:23:10:02 00:23:15:18

I have got 1,600,000 people

infected,

 

00:23:15:19 00:23:18:06

and that could compromise

the development prospect

 

00:23:18:07 00:23:19:22

of the country.

 

00:23:19:23 00:23:23:22

That is the central problem.

 

00:23:23:23 00:23:25:01

Bradshaw: For those responsible

 

00:23:25:02 00:23:27:12

for mitigating the impact

of the pandemic,

 

00:23:27:13 00:23:31:02

Sheila's message may be

far too risky.

 

00:23:31:03 00:23:35:03

It is a message

on the edge of the debate.

 

00:23:35:04 00:23:40:04

But the debate may be moving

her way.

 

00:23:40:05 00:23:43:15

- Probably it is necessary

for me, one day,

 

00:23:43:16 00:23:47:20

to invite Mr. Diogo to take off

his suit, put on shorts,

 

00:23:47:21 00:23:50:09

a T-shirt,

a pair of flip-flops,

 

00:23:50:10 00:23:54:11

and enter the communities,

 

00:23:54:12 00:23:57:07

and take with him the message

of pregnancy,

 

00:23:57:08 00:23:59:28

abandoned women,

 

00:23:59:29 00:24:01:12

dropouts,

 

00:24:01:13 00:24:04:03

sex after pregnancy,

 

00:24:04:04 00:24:09:27

and make those messages

the image of the condom,

 

00:24:09:28 00:24:11:23

and solve the problem,

 

00:24:11:24 00:24:16:26

based on the problems

of the people.

 

Citation

Main credits

Sonnenschein, Bert (Director)
Bradshaw, Steve (Narrator)

Other credits

Music, Marllen; camera and sound, Bruno Sorrentino; editors, Ken Pugh, Sotira Kyriacou.


Distributor credits

Television Trust for the Environment

Television Trust for the Environment
Bert Sonnenschein
Camera: Bruno Sorrentino
Editors: Ken Pugh, Sotira Kyriacou
Production Manager: Sophie Williamson and Davina Rodrigues
Series Editor: Steve Bradshaw

Docuseek2 subjects

Mozambique
Youth Issues
Reproductive Rights
AIDS
Education
Women's Studies
Social Psychology

Distributor subjects

African Studies
Anthropology
At-risk Youth
Developing World
Education
HIV/AIDS
Health
Millennium Development Goals
Reproductive Rights
Social Psychology
Sociology
Women's Studies

Keywords

Mozambique, condoms, contraceptives, HIV, Maputo, AIDS, Africa; "Reclaim the Condom"; Bullfrog Films; "Life 8"; birth control;

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