Distributor:  Icarus Films
Length:  90 minutes
Date:  2009
Genre:  Expository
Language:  German / English subtitles
Grade level: 10-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Color
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Black Sun

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A history of the esoteric ideas and myths that served as a breeding ground for Nazi ideology and inspired Adolf Hiter.

Black Sun

For more than sixty years, thousands of historians, political scientists, psychologists and others have attempted to explain the murderous ideology of National Socialism-in particular the theories of its founders Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler and Alfred Rosenberg-and their dreams of a 'Thousand-Year Reich' of Aryan world domination, which led to the Holocaust, war crimes and other atrocities.

BLACK SUN sheds new light on the sources of Nazi ideology by examining its occult roots in the world of myths, symbols and fantasies. It traces this development from the writings of various mystics in the early 20th century, which located the original home of the Germanic peoples in sunken continents such as 'Thule' and 'Atlantis,' and propagated the mythology of a superior Nordic race whose heroes fought the forces of moral decadence and racial impurity.

The film uses interviews, rare archival footage and contemporary scenes shot in historic locales throughout Germany to chronicle how the Nazis used these mythological foundations to develop Nazism as a political religion, with the SS conceived as a 'Holy Order' defending 'Aryan light' from the 'Jewish-Bolshevik darkness.' It profiles some of the more eccentric members of the SS-including Karl Maria Wiligut, Richard Anders and Otto Rahn-plus cofounders of the Ancestral Heritage Society-Wolfram Sievers and Herman Wirth-who conducted anthropological and archaeological research to confirm their theories of a 'master race.'



While BLACK SUN documents the nationalist mystical beliefs that infused National Socialism, the film also reveals the disturbing perpetuation of these beliefs among certain cult groups in Germany today, reflecting an ongoing search for salvation, inspiration and messianic leaders.

'An intelligent, intensely focused study tracing the roots of Nazi ideology in German legend, religion, and mythology.' -David Sterritt, Cineaste

'Rudiger Sunner's film is enlightening in the best sense of the word.' -Berliner Stadtmagazin

'Fascinating' -Hamburger Abendblatt

'The mythological morass of Nazism ... is seemingly impenetrable.... And yet the picture becomes clear when one makes the effort - as Rudiger Sunner does in his documentary 'Black Sun' - to closely examine the tangled thicket of arguments in Nazi mythology.' -Die Welt

'An important documentary' -Frankfurter Rundschau

'Definitely worth seeing' -Stern

'Instructors of sociology of religion may appreciate the union of mysticism, the occult, and political ideology. Instructors of social movements and political sociology may find compelling the development of the National Socialist ideology and a novel explanation for the rise of one of recent history's most fascinating and troubling regimes. Instructors of race and ethnicity can use the film to teach about scientific racism, the social constrictions of race, and how racial policy and programs develop.' -Teaching Sociology, November 2011

Citation

Main credits

Sünner, Rüdiger (Director)
Sünner, Rüdiger (Screenwriter)
Sünner, Rüdiger (Film editor)
Fitz, Péter (Narrator)
Zischler, Hanns (Narrator)

Other credits

Camera, Michael Bertl; music, Manalos Vlitakis, Ian Melrose; editors, Christhart Burgmann, Ute Casper.


Distributor credits

A Film by Rudiger Sunner

Docuseek2 subjects

Germany
World War II
History of Science
Historiography
Race and Racism
Political Philosophy
Holocaust

Distributor subjects

German History
Germany
Historiography
History (World)
History of Science
Philosophy
Politics
Race and Racism
Racism
US and Canadian Broadcast Rights
World War II

Keywords

Nazi ideology; Adolf Hitler; Holocaust; National Socialism; Myths; Esoteric; legends; Atlantis; germanic ; Aryan nation; mythology; SS; Nazism; third reich; Himmler; swatika; WW2; world war two; germany; austria; history; occultism; racism; race; religion; ; "Black Sun"; Icarus Films

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