Distributor:  Icarus Films
Length:  53 minutes
Date:  2005
Genre:  Expository
Language:  English / English subtitles
Grade level: 10-12, College, Adult
Color/BW:  Color
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Shi'ism: Waiting for the Hidden Imam

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Across Iran, Lebanon and Iraq a cross-section of major contemporary Shiite figures discuss and debate the history, theology and values of this minority branch of Islam.

Shi'ism: Waiting for the Hidden Imam

Adherents of Shi'ism comprise less than ten percent of the more than one billion Muslims in the world today, but ever since the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, with its indelible images of blindfolded hostages seized at the American Embassy in Tehran, Shi'ism has been perceived by most Westerners as a religious sect characterized by violence and fanaticism. The American ouster of Saddam Hussein in 2003 and the continuing U.S. occupation of Iraq, which have led to a resurgence of Shia political activity after decades of oppression by Saddam's Sunni-dominated regime, has provided Shi'ism with newfound political influence as well as an opportunity to improve its image.

SHI'ISM illuminates the historical roots of this branch of Islam, from its origins in a 7th-century dispute over the successor to the Prophet Mohammad and a political and theological war between Sunni and Shi'ite followers, through the sect's mythology of martyrdom established by the massacre in 662 at Karbala, followed by centuries of persecution and discrimination of Shi'ism as a minority faith, and outlines its basic tenets, including belief in the 'hidden' Imam, who will appear on the Last Day as the Mahdi.



Filmed in Iran, Lebanon and Iraq, SHI'ISM blends both contemporary and historical footage and graphics with interviews with Muslim scholars, philosophers, writers, politicians and religious leaders, including Iran's Ayatollah Mussa Zein al-Abidin, Lebanon's Sheikh Mohammad Hassan al-Amin, and Islamic Encyclopedia Director Mohammad Kadhim Bujnurdi, among many others. The film also visits Shia holy sites, including the Tomb of Imam Hussein in Karbala, Iraq, and the Mausoleum of Imam Abdul Azim and the Tomb of Bibi Shahrbanoo in southern Tehran.

SHI'ISM explores a wide range of historical and contemporary issues, from the basis of the original schism between Shia and Sunni followers, contemporary differences in legal and religious matters, the cultivation of martyrdom as the foundation of Shi'ite doctrine, the relative strength of Shi'ism in countries throughout the Middle East, the suicide bombings of the Hezbollah in Lebanon, and a political analysis of the Iranian Revolution's establishment of an Islamic Republic in which the clergy assumed political power, as contrasted with the belief of Iraq's Shia leader, Ayatollah Sistani, in a separation between religion and the state.

SHI'ISM offers valuable insights into the complex and largely unknown history, at least for Western viewers, of this small branch of one of the world's largest faiths, which recent events have transformed into one of the most politically influential and controversial religious movements.

'Captivating, clear and informative.'-Bridges Journal

'A fine portrayal of the origins, defining features, and contemporary impact of...Shi'ism. The film's major contribution is the collection of interviews with prominent Shi'ite religious scholars and intellectuals [who] powerfully convey the significance for Shi'ites of the imams. Deeply moving... thoroughly recommended!-The Middle East Quarterly

'Highly Recommended! If one wants to learn the history and current political significance of Shi'ism in less than an hour, it's hard to do better than this documentary. This film conveys a wealth of information-political, cultural, and religious-without getting sidetracked into anecdotes or losing coherence. There is nothing superfluous, nor is there anything missing that needs to be covered. That is a great accomplishment for a film presenting such a complex history in a short time.'-Educational Media Reviews Online

'Remarkable! The film restores the richness of a fascinating history.'-Temps Fort

'A valuable perspective.'-Telerama


Awards

** 2006 Middle East and Central Asia Politics, Economics, and Society Conference
** 2005 Middle Eastern Studies Association FilmFest

Citation

Main credits

Bakhtaoui, Saïd (film director)

Distributor credits

A Film by Said Bakhtaoui and Mohammad Ballout

Docuseek2 subjects

Cultural and Ethnic Studies
World History
Iran
Iraq
Islam
Lebanon
Middle East and North Africa
Shi'ia
Iraq-Afghan War

Distributor subjects

Cultural Studies
History (World)
Iran
Iraq
Islam
Lebanon
Middle East
Religion

Keywords

Sheikh Mohammad Hassan al-Amin; Ayatollah Mussa Zein al-Abidin; Qom, Iran; Mohammad Kadhim Bujnurdi; Islamic Encyclopedia; Sheikh Shafik Jradi; Philosopher; Hezbollah; Sheikh Mohsen Khadivar; University of Tehran; Hosham Dawod; Anthropologist; CNRS; Ayatollah Mohammad Hassan; Sheikh Mohammad Jameh; Qom University; Sheikh Khanjar Hammiah; Ahmad Salamatian; Faysal Jallul; Tomb of Imam Hussein; Karbala; Iraq; Mausoleum of Imam Abdul Azim; South of Tehran, Iran; Tomb of Bibi Shahrbanoo; South of Tehran, Iran; Tyre; Mashad ; Shi'ism; minority religious; Islam; Sunnite; Sunni; Majority; Fundamental; Fundamentalist; Violence; 1979 Islamic Revolution; Islamic Revolution; Iran; Ayatollah Khomeini; Iraq; Shiite; Mohammed; IMAM; Ayatollah Sistani; Shiism; Kerbala; Hussein; Ali's son; Ali; Prophet; Arab philosophers; Martyr; film; video; documentary; DVD; "Shi'ism"; Icarus Films

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